Title: Landmark Data Selection and Unmapped Obstacle Detection in Lidar-Based Navigation
Author(s): Mathieu Joerger, Guillermo Duenas Arana, Matthew Spenko, and Boris Pervan
Abstract: This research establishes new methods to quantify lidar-based navigation safety in highly automated vehicle (HAV) applications. Lidar navigation requires feature extraction (FE) and data association (DA). In prior work, an FE and DA risk prediction process was developed assuming that the set of extracted features matched the set of mapped landmarks. This paper addresses these limiting assumptions by first providing the means to select a subset of feature measurements (to be used in the estimator) while accounting for all existing landmarks in the surroundings. This is achieved by employing a probabilistic lower-bound on the mean innovation vector’s norm. This measure of landmark separation is used in an analytical integrity risk bound that accounts for all possible association hypotheses. Then, a solution separation algorithm is employed to detect unmapped obstacles and wrong extractions. The integrity risk bound is modified to incorporate the risk of not detecting an unwanted obstacle (UO) when one might be present. Covariance analysis, direct simulation, and preliminary testing show that selecting fewer extracted features can significantly reduce integrity risk, but can also decrease landmark redundancy, thereby reducing UO detection capability.
Published in: Proceedings of the 30th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2017)
September 25 - 29, 2017
Oregon Convention Center
Portland, Oregon
Pages: 1886 - 1903
Cite this article: Joerger, Mathieu, Arana, Guillermo Duenas, Spenko, Matthew, Pervan, Boris, "Landmark Data Selection and Unmapped Obstacle Detection in Lidar-Based Navigation," Proceedings of the 30th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2017), Portland, Oregon, September 2017, pp. 1886-1903.
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