Title: Smartphone-based Hybrid Indoor Positioning System with Magnetic Fingerprint Matching
Author(s): Guohua Wang, Xinyu Wang, Fengzhou Wang
Published in: Proceedings of the 30th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2017)
September 25 - 29, 2017
Oregon Convention Center
Portland, Oregon
Pages: 573 - 579
Cite this article: Wang, Guohua, Wang, Xinyu, Wang, Fengzhou, "Smartphone-based Hybrid Indoor Positioning System with Magnetic Fingerprint Matching," Proceedings of the 30th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2017), Portland, Oregon, September 2017, pp. 573-579.
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Abstract: Indoor localization using the magnetic fingerprint collected by the embedded sensors of smartphone has been under constant improvement with the widespread popularity of the smartphone. Most of the current systems rely on the Particle Filter (PF) or the Kalman Filter (KF) to combine the Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) with the magnetic or WiFi fingerprint for improving their accuracy. In this paper, a system using the PDR and the magnetic fingerprint is proposed for indoor localization, which is based on the combination of the Particle Filter (PF) and the Extend Kalman Filter (EKF). The system includes the Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) module and the magnetic fingerprint matching module. In particular, the hybrid indoor positioning algorithm which combines the Particle Filter (PF) and the Extend Kalman Filter (EKF) is proposed in the magnetic fingerprint matching module for the fusion of the results of the Pedestrian Dead Reckoning module and the magnetic fingerprint. This hybrid indoor positioning algorithm is the key component which can reduce the computation of the Particle Filter effectively and solve the inherent blindness and particles degeneration problem. The obtained results in the real scenarios show that our fusion system achieves better results than the widely adopted system in which the Particle Filter (PF) or the Kalman Filter (KF) is used. The evaluation shows the system achieves a localization accuracy about 1-2m on average in a large building.