Title: GPS Augmentation Using Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System
Author(s): Falin Wu, Nobuaki Kubo, Akio Yasuda, Sandra Verhagen, and Peter Joosten
Published in: Proceedings of the 2004 National Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation
January 26 - 28, 2004
The Catamaran Resort Hotel
San Diego, CA
Pages: 135 - 144
Cite this article: Wu, Falin, Kubo, Nobuaki, Yasuda, Akio, Verhagen, Sandra, Joosten, Peter, "GPS Augmentation Using Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System," Proceedings of the 2004 National Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation, San Diego, CA, January 2004, pp. 135-144.
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Abstract: The current GPS satellite constellation provides limited availability and capability for a country like Japan where mountainous terrain and urban canyons do not allow a clear skyline to the horizon. At present, the Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) is under investigation through a government-private sector cooperation. QZSS is considered a multi-mission satellite system, as it is able to provide communication, broadcasting and positioning services for mobile users in a specified region with high elevation angle. The additional GPS compatible signals from QZSS can remarkably improve the availability, accuracy and capability of GPS positioning. This paper focuses on the performance of GPS augmentation using the proposed QZSS. The QZSS satellite constellation and signal structure are briefly reviewed. Positioning with pseudorange and carrier phase is analyzed. The performance of GPS augmentation using QZSS in the Asia-Pacific and Australian area is studied by software simulation. The results of simulation are presented using the number of visible satellites as a measure of availability, GDOP as a measure of accuracy, and ambiguity success rate as a measure of capability of carrier phase based positioning, with spatial and temporal variations. The results show that QZSS not only improves the availability and accuracy of GPS positioning, but also enhances the capability of carrier phase of positioning in Japan and its neighboring area.