Evaluation of Infrastructure-Assisted Cooperative Tracking of Vehicles Using Various Motion Models

Saswat Priyadarshi Nayak, Guoyuan Wu, Matthew Barth, Yongkang Liu, Emrah Akin Sisbot, Kentaro Oguchi

Abstract: Abstract—Vehicle positioning and tracking is a key component of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Cooperative positioning techniques through vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) or vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) information sharing can improve the existing proprioceptive based positioning systems such as Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) which are prone to errors due to urban canyons, signal jamming, etc. V2Vbased positioning might not fulfill all positioning needs, given the low Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) penetration in today’s traffic. In these scenarios, infrastructure sensors can assist the vehicles in estimating the state of the traffic through I2V communication. The state estimation requires fusion between the infrastructure and the on-board sensor measurements which are often multi-rate and asynchronous in nature. Moreover, the measurements from the infrastructure might be delayed and not time-synchronized with other sensors. Hence, it is imperative to address the practical problems while designing a sensor fusion framework for fusing multiple sensor measurements in a real world scenario. This paper aims at evaluating the improvement in vehicle tracking by fusing roadside LiDAR measurements with the on-board GPS position measurements. Various motion models for the vehicle are studied and implemented with a sequential Kalman filter for estimating the vehicle states. Index Terms—I2V, multisensor fusion, Kalman filter, vehicle motion model
Published in: 2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 24 - 27, 2023
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 243 - 253
Cite this article: Nayak, Saswat Priyadarshi, Wu, Guoyuan, Barth, Matthew, Liu, Yongkang, Sisbot, Emrah Akin, Oguchi, Kentaro, "Evaluation of Infrastructure-Assisted Cooperative Tracking of Vehicles Using Various Motion Models," 2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Monterey, CA, April 2023, pp. 243-253. https://doi.org/10.1109/PLANS53410.2023.10139968
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