Extending Navigation Service Under Sensor Failures: An Approach by Integrating System Identification and Vehicle Dynamic Model

Penggao Yan, Li-Ta Hsu, Weisong Wen

Abstract: Abstract—Localization plays a vital role in various autonomous systems, providing essential information for perception and planning tasks. However, mainstream localization methods are based on the sensors approach, which is vulnerable in some extreme conditions where sensors probably fail in a short period, such as the camera-based visual positioning. This study proposes a sensor-free localization method by integrating vehicle dynamic models and an online system identification module. First, a system identification process is conducted online to identify the system dynamics of the powertrain system and the steering system of the autonomous vehicle. Then, the identified system responses are taken as the control input of the vehicle dynamic model to produce the positioning results. The simulated experiments show that the proposed method achieves better positioning performance than the conventional vehicle dynamic models. In addition, the extendibility of the proposed method is explored by fusing it with extra sensors based on the extended Kalman filter (EKF). Furthermore, the navigation ability of the proposed method without sensors is also examined along a trajectory of 140 meters. The proposed method successfully accomplishes the navigation task without any collisions, demonstrating the effectiveness in enhancing the security of autonomous systems with navigation needs when sensors fail in extreme conditions. Keywords—localization, vehicle dynamic model, online system identification formatting, autonomous systems, sensor failures
Published in: 2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 24 - 27, 2023
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 630 - 636
Cite this article: Yan, Penggao, Hsu, Li-Ta, Wen, Weisong, "Extending Navigation Service Under Sensor Failures: An Approach by Integrating System Identification and Vehicle Dynamic Model," 2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Monterey, CA, April 2023, pp. 630-636. https://doi.org/10.1109/PLANS53410.2023.10140089
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