Unveiling Beamforming Strategies of Starlink LEO Satellites

Mohammad Neinavaie and Zaher M. Kassas

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: This paper studies the beamforming strategies of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) Starlink low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites. Applying a maximum likelihood (ML) estimation framework to the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the beam pattern of Starlink satellites is calculated and the beam switching schedule is estimated. Experimental results with received signals from six Starlink LEO satellites are presented demonstrating the beam switching strategy.
Published in: Proceedings of the 35th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2022)
September 19 - 23, 2022
Hyatt Regency Denver
Denver, Colorado
Pages: 2525 - 2531
Cite this article: Neinavaie, Mohammad, Kassas, Zaher M., "Unveiling Beamforming Strategies of Starlink LEO Satellites," Proceedings of the 35th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2022), Denver, Colorado, September 2022, pp. 2525-2531. https://doi.org/10.33012/2022.18580
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