Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Phase Scintillation and GNSS Positioning Errors in Northern Canada During the 2017 September Geomagnetic Storms

Kai Guo, Zhipeng Wang, Yanbo Zhu, Kun Fang, Zhiqiang Dan, Hongxia Wang

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: High latitude phase scintillation is strongly related to geomagnetic storms. It can significantly decrease the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) performance by increasing positioning errors. Based on the scintillation data recorded by 5 ionospheric scintillation monitoring receiver (ISMR) stations, this study investigates the temporal and spatial distributions of phase scintillation occurrence during the 2017 September Geomagnetic storms, which is the severest storm in solar cycle 24. The positioning errors at these ISMR stations are estimated using precise point positioning (PPP) techniques. It is found that both the phase scintillation levels and positioning errors present strong temporal and spatial dependence. The positioning errors can increase to a maximum value of 2.54 m in the up direction. Additionally, the phase scintillation occurrence and the positioning errors are analyzed against the geomagnetic field activities, which are measured by another 5 magnetometer stations nearby the ISMR stations. Correlation between the Geometric Dilution of Precision (GDOP) normalized 3D positioning errors and the geomagnetic field horizontal component is investigated. Results show that large positioning errors tend to relate to strong geomagnetic field activities. This study is beneficial for better understanding the high latitude phase scintillation effects on GNSS positioning. It also helps to develop forecasting models to predict positioning errors during geomagnetic storms.
Published in: Proceedings of the 35th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2022)
September 19 - 23, 2022
Hyatt Regency Denver
Denver, Colorado
Pages: 3127 - 3138
Cite this article: Guo, Kai, Wang, Zhipeng, Zhu, Yanbo, Fang, Kun, Dan, Zhiqiang, Wang, Hongxia, "Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Phase Scintillation and GNSS Positioning Errors in Northern Canada During the 2017 September Geomagnetic Storms," Proceedings of the 35th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2022), Denver, Colorado, September 2022, pp. 3127-3138. https://doi.org/10.33012/2022.18354
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