Exploiting Starlink Signals for Navigation: First Results

Mohammad Neinavaie, Joe Khalife, and Zaher M. Kassas

Abstract: This paper demonstrates the first Doppler positioning-based results with Starlink low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites. A cognitive opportunistic framework is used to detect Starlink’s LEO satellite signals and track the Doppler frequencies of each Starlink LEO satellite. To this end, a generalized likelihood ratio (GLR)-based test is developed to detect the LEO satellite signals and estimate their corresponding beacons. A chirp parameter estimator is also proposed to track the Doppler frequencies from the unknown Starlink signals. Experimental results are presented showing a horizontal positioning error of 10 m by tracking the Doppler of six Starlink LEO satellites.
Published in: Proceedings of the 34th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2021)
September 20 - 24, 2021
Union Station Hotel
St. Louis, Missouri
Pages: 2766 - 2773
Cite this article: Neinavaie, Mohammad, Khalife, Joe, Kassas, Zaher M., "Exploiting Starlink Signals for Navigation: First Results," Proceedings of the 34th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2021), St. Louis, Missouri, September 2021, pp. 2766-2773.
https://doi.org/10.33012/2021.18122
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