NavIC Signals Multipath Analysis, Estimation and Mitigation for High-Accuracy Positioning

A. Althaf and Hari Hablani

Abstract: Our objective is to assess the PVT accuracy of a stationary receiver using NavIC and explore ways to improve it using single and dual-frequency observables. We also propose a method to extend Breivik et al. approach of estimating multipath error using signal to noise ratio. Position accuracy using smoothed single-frequency pseudoranges is within 5 m, 3D residual-sum-of-squares (RSS), for the 22-hour duration with PDOP varying between 3-3.2. Further improvement in precision is shown by compensating multipath using sidereal repeatability but this process introduces a bias in the estimates. Velocity estimation accuracy using carrier phase measurements has 3D RSS mean and 1-sigma of 5.2 mm/s and 3.18 cm/s, respectively, which is better than the Doppler-derived estimates mean of 82.9 mm/s and 4.51 cm/s (1-sigma). We show better accuracy for both the position and velocity estimates as compared to the receiver’s estimates.
Published in: Proceedings of the 33rd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2020)
September 21 - 25, 2020
Pages: 2878 - 2895
Cite this article: Althaf, A., Hablani, Hari, "NavIC Signals Multipath Analysis, Estimation and Mitigation for High-Accuracy Positioning," Proceedings of the 33rd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2020), , September 2020, pp. 2878-2895.
https://doi.org/10.33012/2020.17632
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