Optimal Sequential Spoof Detection Based on Direction of Arrival Measurements

Fabian Rothmaier

Abstract: In this paper we present a sequential likelihood ratio test to detect a GNSS spoofing attack using information from multiple measurements. We develop an analytical solution for the test’s detection threshold that can be computed online by the receiver and that is optimal according to the Neyman-Pearson lemma. We present its application to both independent and correlated Direction of Arrival measurements. To demonstrate the procedure’s general applicability, we reproduce previously published simulations and apply it to data from flight tests and a live spoofing event.
Published in: Proceedings of the 33rd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2020)
September 21 - 25, 2020
Pages: 3253 - 3267
Cite this article: Rothmaier, Fabian, "Optimal Sequential Spoof Detection Based on Direction of Arrival Measurements," Proceedings of the 33rd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2020), , September 2020, pp. 3253-3267.
https://doi.org/10.33012/2020.17538
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