An UWB-based Communication Protocol Design for an Infrastructure-free Cooperative Navigation

Jianan Zhu and Solmaz S. Kia

Abstract: In this paper, we design a practical medium access control (MAC) protocol for an infrastructure-free cooperative navigation method for a group of firefighters which utilizes an ultra-wideband (UWB) technology for inter-agent ranging and communication. Specifically, our focus in this paper is on developing a communication protocol for the DWM1000 UWB transceiver that works in a robust and energy-efficient manner for our cooperative navigation system. Our proposed solution is a dynamic time division multiple access (DTDMA) in conjunction with a novel negotiation-based rescheduling method. The negotiation-based rescheduling method is designed based on the characteristic features of our cooperative navigation algorithm of interest. We demonstrate our result using a field test and a complexity analysis.
Published in: 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 20 - 23, 2020
Hilton Portland Downtown
Portland, Oregon
Pages: 360 - 366
Cite this article: Zhu, Jianan, Kia, Solmaz S., "An UWB-based Communication Protocol Design for an Infrastructure-free Cooperative Navigation," 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Portland, Oregon, April 2020, pp. 360-366.
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