On the Calibration Aspects of MEMS-IMUs used in Micro UAVs for Sensor Orientation

Philipp Clausen and Jan Skaloud

Abstract: We introduce a three step procedure to improve attitude determination by MEMS-IMU sensors on board a small UAV. IMU pre-calibration is performed first and only once in the lab; second in a simplified version and for every switch-on in the field. Together, they remove the prevailing part of sensor deterministic errors, which in turn improves the quality of coarse and subsequently fine alignment. At the same time this allows to proceed further during a flight with noise reduction using multiple IMUs through a simple procedure, which is the third and final phase prior the conventional INS/GNSS integration via Kalman filtering and smoothing. The effectiveness of this approach are demonstrated practically i) with respect to a continuous absolute reference on board of a helicopter performing laser-scanning and ii) with a small fixed-wing UAV employed for high-resolution mapping.
Published in: 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 20 - 23, 2020
Hilton Portland Downtown
Portland, Oregon
Pages: 1457 - 1466
Cite this article: Clausen, Philipp, Skaloud, Jan, "On the Calibration Aspects of MEMS-IMUs used in Micro UAVs for Sensor Orientation," 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Portland, Oregon, April 2020, pp. 1457-1466.
Full Paper: ION Members/Non-Members: 1 Download Credit
Sign In