Intelligent Navigation in Urban Environments Based on an H-infinity Filter and Reinforcement Learning Algorithms

Ivan Smolyakov and Richard B. Langley

Abstract: In urban areas, robustness of a positioning solution suffers from relatively unpredictable reception of attenuated, non-line-of-sight and multipath-contaminated signals. To reflect a GNSS signal propagation environment, parameters of a state estimation filter need to be adjusted on-the-fly. A mixed H2/H? filter has been considered here to address the vulnerability of a minimum error variance estimator to measurement outliers. An emphasis between the H2 filter and the H? filter (minimizing the worst-case error) is continuously adjusted by a reinforcement learning (RL) model. Specifically, a continuous action actor-critic RL model with eligibility traces is implemented. The Cramer-Rao ´ lower bound is considered for the filter performance evaluation allowing for the RL reward computation. The algorithm has been tested on a real-world dataset collected with mass-market hardware applying tightly-coupled IMU/GPS sensor integration. A positive RL model learning trend has been identified in two segments of the trajectory with the highest obstruction environment, suggesting the applicability potential of the technique.
Published in: 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 20 - 23, 2020
Hilton Portland Downtown
Portland, Oregon
Pages: 328 - 333
Cite this article: Smolyakov, Ivan, Langley, Richard B., "Intelligent Navigation in Urban Environments Based on an H-infinity Filter and Reinforcement Learning Algorithms," 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Portland, Oregon, April 2020, pp. 328-333.
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