UWB Ranging Aided Pedestrian Geolocation with GPB-based Filtering for LoS and NLoS Measurement Processing

Jianan Zhu and Solmaz S. Kia

Abstract: This paper considers the global localization of a pedestrian via an ultra-wideband (UWB) ranging aided inertial navigation system (INS) and aims to address the challenges involved in proper processing of UWB range measurements. Even though UWB offers a decimeter level accuracy in line-of-sight (LoS) ranging, its accuracy degrades significantly in non-lineof-sight (NLoS). This drop in accuracy is due to a significant unknown positive bias in the NLOS range measurements. Therefore, the measurement models used in UWB LoS and NLoS ranging conditions are different, and proper processing of NLoS measurements requires a bias compensation measure. Previous work on bias compensation for UWB ranging that is used to aid an INS based localization assumes that the LoS and NLoS measurements are identified and distinguished from each other with absolute certainty. However, in practice, this assumption is hard to satisfy, and identifiers that determine the type of UWB range measurements deliver their results with only some level of certainty. To take into account the probabilistic nature of the NLoS identifiers, in this paper, we propose an adaptive localization based on the first-order generalized pseudo Bayesian (GPB) method to seamlessly handle the measurement model switching between LoS and NLoS UWB range measurements. The effectiveness of our proposed method is demonstrated via an experiment for pedestrian geolocation using a shoe-mounted INS system aided by UWB range measurements with respect to beacons with known locations.
Published in: 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 20 - 23, 2020
Hilton Portland Downtown
Portland, Oregon
Pages: 781 - 787
Cite this article: Zhu, Jianan, Kia, Solmaz S., "UWB Ranging Aided Pedestrian Geolocation with GPB-based Filtering for LoS and NLoS Measurement Processing," 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Portland, Oregon, April 2020, pp. 781-787.
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