Mitigation of Odometry Drift with a Single Ranging Link in GNSS-limited Environments

Young-Hee Lee, Chen Zhu , Gabriele Giorgi, Christoph Günther

Abstract: Vision-based systems can estimate the vehicle’s positions and attitude with a low cost and simple implementation, but the performance is very sensitive to environmental conditions. Moreover, estimation errors are accumulated without a bound since visual odometry is a dead-reckoning process. To improve the robustness to environmental conditions, vision-based systems can be augmented with inertial sensors, and the loop closing technique can be applied to reduce the drift. However, only with on-board sensors, vehicle’s poses can only be estimated in a local navigation frame, which is randomly defined for each mission. To obtain globally-referred poses, absolute position estimates obtained with GNSS can be fused with on-board measurements (obtained with either vision-only or visual-inertial odometry). However, in many cases (e.g. urban canyons, indoor environments), GNSS-based positioning is unreliable or entirely unavailable due to signal interruptions and blocking, while we can still obtain ranging links from various sources, such as signals of opportunity or low cost radio-based ranging modules. We propose a graph-based data fusion method of the on-board odometry data and ranging measurements to mitigate pose drifts in environments where GNSS-based positioning is unavailable. The proposed algorithm is evaluated both with synthetic and real data.
Published in: Proceedings of the 2020 International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation
January 21 - 24, 2020
Hyatt Regency Mission Bay
San Diego, California
Pages: 1117 - 1126
Cite this article: Lee, Young-Hee, Zhu, Chen, Giorgi, Gabriele, Günther, Christoph, "Mitigation of Odometry Drift with a Single Ranging Link in GNSS-limited Environments," Proceedings of the 2020 International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation, San Diego, California, January 2020, pp. 1117-1126.
https://doi.org/10.33012/2020.17213
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