Design and Evaluation of Robust M-estimators for GNSS Positioning in Urban Environments

Omar Garcia Crespillo, Alice Andreetti, Anja Grosch

Abstract: Providing a robust position solution in urban scenarios using Global Navigation Satellites Systems (GNSS) supposes a big challenge due to the continuous presence of local threats like multipath, non-light-of-sight signals (NLOS) or interference. The impact of these threats in the pseudorange measurements is difficult to model due to the constant changing environment. Therefore they have to be dealt with at position estimator level. In this paper we leverage the knowledge from robust statistics and we design and apply Huber M-estimators to the positioning and compare its performance with respect to the classical least-squares estimator. We provide further insights on the importance of the chosen suitable pseudorange error models for the robust estimator process by processing real GNSS data in open-sky and deep urban scenarios. Under a proper design, these estimators have the potential to became a powerful option in challenging GNSS scenarios under the presence of multiple corrupted measurements or data that do not follow the assumed error models.
Published in: Proceedings of the 2020 International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation
January 21 - 24, 2020
Hyatt Regency Mission Bay
San Diego, California
Pages: 750 - 762
Cite this article: Crespillo, Omar Garcia, Andreetti, Alice, Grosch, Anja, "Design and Evaluation of Robust M-estimators for GNSS Positioning in Urban Environments," Proceedings of the 2020 International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation, San Diego, California, January 2020, pp. 750-762.
https://doi.org/10.33012/2020.17211
Full Paper: ION Members/Non-Members: 1 Download Credit
Sign In