Automated Processing of Low-Cost GNSS Receiver Data

Simon Banville, Gérard Lachapelle, Reza Ghoddousi-Fard, Paul Gratton

Abstract: The availability of raw observations from smartphones and tablets brings new challenges to GNSS data processing. Low-cost GNSS chipsets, combined with omnidirectional antennas, can lead to measurements highly contaminated by noise and multipath. Therefore, data quality depends not only on the device but also on the environment. Such a diversity is complex to handle for automated GNSS data processing services such as the NRCan precise point positioning (PPP) service. Processing strategies developed for geodetic receivers now require adaptations to be suitable for low-cost devices: 1) carrier-to-noise weighting should replace elevation-dependent weighting; 2) precise ionospheric corrections with meaningful quality indicators should be available; 3) the residual tropospheric zenith delay parameter should not be estimated in the PPP filter, which calls for more accurate a priori tropospheric models; and 4) quality control algorithms should rely on geometry-based rather than geometry-free approaches. With such modifications, static PPP solutions using data collected with a Huawei Mate 20X smartphone can converge to cm-level accuracies under favorable signal tracking conditions.
Published in: Proceedings of the 32nd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2019)
September 16 - 20, 2019
Hyatt Regency Miami
Miami, Florida
Pages: 3636 - 3652
Cite this article: Banville, Simon, Lachapelle, Gérard, Ghoddousi-Fard, Reza, Gratton, Paul, "Automated Processing of Low-Cost GNSS Receiver Data," Proceedings of the 32nd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2019), Miami, Florida, September 2019, pp. 3636-3652. https://doi.org/10.33012/2019.16972
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