|Abstract:||Past extreme geomagnetic storms have been known to produce not only dayside storm-enhanced density (SED) and SED plumes, but also in a number of cases an nighttime ionospheric localized enhancement (NILE), also known as the “Florida effect.” In this work, we apply data assimilation to adjust a background model to better capture the NILE enhancement. We use the SAMI3 (SAMI3 is Another Model of the Ionosphere) model for an extreme storm as the background model in Ionospheric Data Assimilation 4-Dimensional (IDA4D) to produce plasma density estimates across the NILE feature. IDA4D ingests GPS-based total electron content (TEC) to reconstruct ionospheric plasma densities over space and time. Simulating the November 20-21, 2003, extreme geomagnetic storm, we show that the SAMI3 model alone underestimates the magnitude of positioning errors for fictitious receivers in the Caribbean, Gulf coast, and Rocky Mountains, subjected to the dayside SED by as much as a factor of 3. During the nighttime data assimilation of SAMI3 with IDA4D shows uplift in the peak densities. The day following the storm shows a negative phase (depressed TEC) relative to SAMI3 alone.|
Proceedings of the 32nd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2019)
September 16 - 20, 2019
Hyatt Regency Miami
|Pages:||3427 - 3436|
|Cite this article:||
Chartier, Alex, Datta-Barua, Seebany, McDonald, Sarah, Bust, Gary, "A Night-time Ionospheric Localized Enhancement (NILE) During Extreme Storms," Proceedings of the 32nd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2019), Miami, Florida, September 2019, pp. 3427-3436.
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