Model-based Threshold and Centerline Detection for Aircraft Positioning during Landing Approach

Stephan Wolkow, Maik Angermann, Andreas Dekiert, Ulf Bestmann

Abstract: Aircraft navigation during landing approach is mostly supported by ground-based landing systems in commercial aviation, which cause high installation and maintenance costs. Nevertheless the final sequence of the flight before touchdown is mostly performed by the pilot manually, because of the high requirements on accuracy and integrity. Only a few landing systems can fulfill these requirements during the last 200 ft above ground. The current work presents a further development of an optical positioning system to be deployed below 200 ft and on ground after touchdown in order to be used as an additional source for positioning information. The system is capable of visual 3D positioning of the aircraft relative to the runway. Algorithms for threshold marking and centerline detection as well as lateral position calculation during rollout are presented. The system is evaluated during flight trials performed with the research aircraft Dornier Do 128-6.
Published in: Proceedings of the ION 2019 Pacific PNT Meeting
April 8 - 11, 2019
Hilton Waikiki Beach
Honolulu, Hawaii
Pages: 767 - 776
Cite this article: Wolkow, Stephan, Angermann, Maik, Dekiert, Andreas, Bestmann, Ulf, "Model-based Threshold and Centerline Detection for Aircraft Positioning during Landing Approach," Proceedings of the ION 2019 Pacific PNT Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, April 2019, pp. 767-776.
https://doi.org/10.33012/2019.16787
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