Fast Prototyping of an SDR WLAN 802.11b Receiver for an Indoor Positioning Systems

Erick Schmidt and David Akopian

Abstract: Indoor positioning systems (IPS) are emerging technologies due to an increasing popularity and demand in location based service (LBS). Because traditional positioning systems such as GPS are limited to outdoor applications, many IPS have been proposed in literature. WLAN-based IPS are the most promising due to its proven accuracy and infrastructure deployment. Several WLAN-based IPS have been proposed in the past, from which the best results have been shown by so-called fingerprintbased systems. This paper proposes an indoor positioning system which extends traditional WLAN fingerprinting by using received signal strength (RSS) measurements along with channel estimates as an effort to improve classification accuracy for scenarios with a low number of Access Points (APs). The channel estimates aim to characterize complex indoor environments making it a unique “signature” for fingerprinting-based IPS and therefore improving pattern recognition in radio-maps. Since commercial WLAN cards offer limited measurement information, software-defined radio (SDR) as an emerging trend for fast prototyping and research integration is chosen as the best cost-effective option to extract channel estimates. Therefore, this paper first proposes an 802.11b WLAN SDR beacon receiver capable of measuring RSS and channel estimates. The SDR is designed using LabVIEW (LV) environment and leverages several inherent platform acceleration features that achieve realtime capturing. The receiver achieves a fast-rate measurement capture of 9 packets per second per AP. The classification of the propose IPS uses a support vector machine (SVM) for offline training and online navigation. Several tests are conducted in a cluttered indoor environment with a single AP in 802.11b legacy mode. Finally, navigation accuracy results are discussed.
Published in: Proceedings of the 31st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2018)
September 24 - 28, 2018
Hyatt Regency Miami
Miami, Florida
Pages: 674 - 684
Cite this article: Schmidt, Erick, Akopian, David, "Fast Prototyping of an SDR WLAN 802.11b Receiver for an Indoor Positioning Systems," Proceedings of the 31st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2018), Miami, Florida, September 2018, pp. 674-684. https://doi.org/10.33012/2018.16045
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