Hybrid AOA/DTOA Approach to 1090 MHz ADS-B Wide Area Multilateration

Siang-Lin Jheng and Shau-Shiun Jan

Abstract: This study develops a hybrid positioning scheme that combines both differential time of arrival (DTOA) and angle of arrival (AOA) observations of the 1090-MHz automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) signal and implements it on a wide area multilateration (WAM) test bed. The major issue when combining DTOA and AOA observations is synchronization. A synchronization design for DTOA and AOA observations is thus evaluated. The positioning algorithm that combines AOA and DTOA observations is a filter-based approach. Based on the measurement errors from actual ADS-B signals received from real flights, simulation is used to evaluate the positioning performance of the proposed 1090-MHz ADS-B WAM with the integration of AOA/DTOA approach under two scenarios, namely DTOA alone and AOA combined with DTOA.
Published in: Proceedings of the 31st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2018)
September 24 - 28, 2018
Hyatt Regency Miami
Miami, Florida
Pages: 3001 - 3009
Cite this article: Jheng, Siang-Lin, Jan, Shau-Shiun, "Hybrid AOA/DTOA Approach to 1090 MHz ADS-B Wide Area Multilateration," Proceedings of the 31st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2018), Miami, Florida, September 2018, pp. 3001-3009. https://doi.org/10.33012/2018.15906
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