On-line Model Learning for Adaptive GNSS Ionospheric Scintillation Estimation and Mitigation

Jordi Vilà-Valls, Carles Fernández-Prades, Javier Arribas, James T. Curran, Pau Closas

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: One of the more challenging propagation conditions in Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), clearly affecting high-precision receivers and safety critical applications, is ionospheric scintillation. One of the main disadvantages of standard phase tracking architectures is the estimation vs mitigation tradeoff, that is, it is impossible to distinguish between the line-of-sight (LOS) phase contribution of interest and phase variations induced by the ionosphere. A possible solution is to consider a state-space formulation of the problem, where the scintillation amplitude and phase are estimated together with the LOS phase variations. The current Kalman filter-based techniques exploiting this idea consider an off-line scintillation model fitting, thus not suitable for real-life applications. In this contribution we propose an adaptive model learning strategy to be able to cope with time-varying unknown scintillation conditions. The performance of the new approach is shown using real ionospheric scintillation data recorded over Hanoi in 2015.
Published in: 2018 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS)
April 23 - 26, 2018
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 1167 - 1172
Cite this article: Vilà-Valls, Jordi, Fernández-Prades, Carles, Arribas, Javier, Curran, James T., Closas, Pau, "On-line Model Learning for Adaptive GNSS Ionospheric Scintillation Estimation and Mitigation," 2018 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Monterey, CA, April 2018, pp. 1167-1172.
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