Title: Dual Kalman Filtering Based GNSS Phase Tracking for Scintillation Mitigation
Author(s): Friederike Fohlmeister, Felix Antreich, Josef A. Nossek
Published in: Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2018
April 23 - 26, 2018
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 1151 - 1158
Cite this article: Fohlmeister, Friederike, Antreich, Felix, Nossek, Josef A., "Dual Kalman Filtering Based GNSS Phase Tracking for Scintillation Mitigation," Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2018, Monterey, CA, April 2018, pp. 1151-1158.
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Abstract: This paper treats the problem of tracking the global navigation satellite system’s (GNSS) signal phase under ionospheric scintillations and to generate an estimate of the scintillation phase and amplitude. In the case of ionospheric scintillations traditional phase locked loop (PLL) based GNSS receivers have problems to track the signal phase accurately. Moreover, these receivers do not estimate the scintillation phase and amplitude, which is evaluated in ionospheric monitoring applications. Therefore, Kalman filter based phase tracking algorithms have been proposed, which track line-of-sight (LOS) phase and scintillation amplitude and phase separately with different state space models. For modeling the scintillation phase and amplitude auto-regressive (AR) models can be used. In this case the parameters for the AR model have to be estimated together with the LOS and scintillation phase and amplitude. We propose to use a second Kalman filter for the estimation of the AR model parameters. This Kalman filter takes the scintillation phase and amplitude estimates from the first Kalman filter as measurement and the AR model parameters as system state. Simulation results for the global positioning system (GPS) show that the proposed algorithm achieves the same estimation performance for scintillation phase and amplitude as an algorithm with a priori knowledge on the AR model parameters.