Title: Multiple Ultrasonic Aiding System for Car Navigation in GNSS Denied Environment
Author(s): M. Moussa, A. Moussa, N. El-Sheimy
Published in: Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2018
April 23 - 26, 2018
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 133 - 140
Cite this article: Moussa, M., Moussa, A., El-Sheimy, N., "Multiple Ultrasonic Aiding System for Car Navigation in GNSS Denied Environment," Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2018, Monterey, CA, April 2018, pp. 133-140.
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Abstract: This paper proposes a novel approach for estimating the navigation states of land vehicles in GNSS denied environment by integrating low-cost multiple ultrasonic sensors with the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) using Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). These multiple ultrasonic sensors act as an aiding by providing the vehicle forward velocity to limit the INS large drift during GNSS signal outages. Ultrasonic sensors are installed on the left and right rear wheels to measure the range difference between the sensor and the spokes of the wheel to determine the angular velocity and then determine the vehicle forward velocity. As the ultrasonic raw data is contaminated with outliers and noise, outliers’ removal is applied, and a moving average filter is used to reduce the noise. Two experimental road tests were performed for low velocity (30 km/hr) and moderate vehicle velocity (50 km/hr). Ultrasonic sensors were integrated with GNSS/INS in loosely coupled integration scheme through EKF. The Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of the velocity estimated by the ultrasonic sensors was 0.28 m/sec. Moreover, the position RMSE enhanced from 101.18 meters for the case of INS standalone navigation solution to 5.07 meters when INS integrated with ultrasonic sensors for GNSS signal outage of 60 seconds in the first test. The RMSE of the position is decreased to 17.99 meters in case of ultrasonic/INS integration navigation solution compared to INS standalone solution with RMSE of 72.43 meters for an outage of 60 seconds in the second test. The proposed multiple ultrasonic system provides the land vehicle navigation solution with forward velocity update with higher accuracy and data rate than the velocity provided by regular odometer of On-Board Diagnostics (OBD II).