Title: Determination of Required Positioning Integrity Parameters for Design of Vehicle Safety Applications
Author(s): Yanming Feng, Charles Wang, Charles Karl
Published in: Proceedings of the 2018 International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation
January 29 - 1, 2018
Hyatt Regency Reston
Reston, Virginia
Pages: 129 - 141
Cite this article: Feng, Yanming, Wang, Charles, Karl, Charles, "Determination of Required Positioning Integrity Parameters for Design of Vehicle Safety Applications," Proceedings of the 2018 International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation, Reston, Virginia, January 2018, pp. 129-141.
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Abstract: Most connected vehicle safety and traffic applications depend on communication and position and velocity information to function. However, road users may have different vehicle communicating and positioning capabilities. Further, the performance of communicating and positioning could vary from time to time and location to location. It is important for the vehicle safety system to be fully aware of the performance of vehicle positioning outputs and warn the drivers when the positioning system cannot be used for intended level of safety applications. However, unlike aviation and Maritime navigation, minimum operational performance standards about positioning have not been established in the road community. In this work, we review and develop the required navigation performance parameters for vehicle positioning capability in terms of accuracy, integrity, timeliness and interrogability of positioning solutions. We attempt to adjust the integrity performance parameters for vehicle safety positioning and provide the analysis for integrity risk, protection level and different alert limits. Based on these discussions, we introduce the error ellipse representation to visualize the protection bubble area of each vehicle on the road. The results from a vehicle experiment demonstrate how well different levels of vehicle positioning capabilities meet the different integrity alarm limits. The results emphasize that the positioning system can inform the protection level achievable at any time instant and serve the safety application at that level accordingly.