LeapFrogging: A Technique for Accurate Long-Distance Ground Navigation and Positioning Without GPS

John P. McIntire, Frederick C. Webber, Duy K. Nguyen, Yaohui Li, ShaoHui Foong, KelseyLee Schafer, Wai Yong Chue, Kevin Ang, Eric T. Vinande and Mikel M. Miller

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: In this work, we describe a dead-reckoning navigation system that combines elements of traditional map & compass orienteering techniques with concepts from collaborative positioning and field surveying. Using two or more people, and with various technologies to perform ranging and/or directional measurements, the users take turns moving from a known starting position. The LeapFrogging system tracks the measurements and is able to reconstruct the estimated path and provide a current position estimate to the users. Various technologies and movement schemes that can be utilized for LeapFrogging are explained and discussed. Test results from several field data collections are provided, and demonstrate that positional errors are usually on the order of 1-3% positional error per distance traveled, and sometimes reach as low as 0.5 to 1.0% error. A man-portable LeapFrogging system could be useful for teams of Special Forces soldiers, ground infantry, search-and-rescue teams, forest firefighters, orienteers, cave explorers, and other mobile groups. The system is intended to track position with high precision in regions where GPS may be degraded, denied, or temporarily unavailable.
Published in: Proceedings of the ION 2017 Pacific PNT Meeting
May 1 - 4, 2017
Marriott Waikiki Beach Resort & Spa
Honolulu, Hawaii
Pages: 276 - 291
Cite this article: Updated citation: Published in NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation
Full Paper: ION Members/Non-Members: 1 Download Credit
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