Time Transfer Using WAAS: An Initial Attempt

Patrick Fenton, Bill Klepczynski, Edward Powers, Robert Douglas

Abstract: The FAA is currently developing the Wide Area Augmentation System (WART), a GPS Satellite-Based Augmentation System (SBAS) that will be used for navigation within the National Airspace System (MS). WAAS consists of a multitude of ground reference stations and several geo-stationary communication satellites. The geo-stationary satellites will be broadcasting a "GPS”-like signal that can be used as a supplementary navigational signal and that will also contain GPS health status and correction data. The WARS also offers a significant tool to the timing community. There are several unique advantages of using the WAAS or any SBAS for frequency and time transfer: I. The geo-stationary satellites are always in view. They never set like the GPS and GLONASS satellites. This offers the ability for multiple sights to be permanently “phase-locked” together by locking themselves to the common WAAS signal. 2. They do not have any intentional distortions like the GPS SA dither. 3. WAAS system computes and broadcasts orbit and clock corrections for all GPS satellites in view thereby substantially removing the effects of SA on GPS. 4. The geo-broadcast signals are cesium-based, generated and controlled by the WAAS network of cesium-based GPS receivers. 5. The WAAS network computes a real-time observational ionospheric delay model for the coverage area. This model is broadcast over the WAAS signal so that an L1 single frequency user can make local corrections. This paper describes an initial attempt at time transfer using the WAAS test transmissions currently broadcast from the INMARSAT Atlantic Ocean Region - West (AOR- W) satellite. The clocks being compared are the master clock at USNO Washington and the master clock at NRC Ottawa. A 30-day data set is examined. It was obtained from dual frequency GPS/WAAS NovAtel receivers that were set up at both institutions. Comparisons are made between UTC(USNO), UTC(NRC), GPS time, and WMS Network Time (WNT).
Published in: Proceedings of the 31th Annual Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications Meeting
December 7 - 9, 1999
Marriott's Laguna Cliffs Resort
Dana Point, California
Pages: 191 - 202
Cite this article: Fenton, Patrick, Klepczynski, Bill, Powers, Edward, Douglas, Robert, "Time Transfer Using WAAS: An Initial Attempt," Proceedings of the 31th Annual Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications Meeting, Dana Point, California, December 1999, pp. 191-202.
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