The MPEG7 Visual Search Solution for Image Recognition Based Positioning Using 3D Models

Giorgio Ghinamo, Cecilia Corbi, Gianluca Francini, Skjalg Lepsoy, Piero Lovisolo, Andrea Lingua, Irene Aicardi

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: This paper describes a location algorithm for mobile phones based on image recognition. The use of image recognition based (IRB) positioning in mobile applications is characterized by the availability of a single camera; under this constraint, to estimate the camera position and orientation, a prior knowledge of 3D environment is needed in the form of a database of images with associated spatial information; this database can be built projecting the 3D model, acquired for instance with a LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging), on a set of synthetic images. The herein proposed procedure to locate the camera can be divided in two steps, a first step is the selection from a database of the most similar image to the query image used to locate the camera, and a second step for estimation of the position and orientation of the camera based on available 3D information on the reference image. In designing the proposed location procedure, we have reused as much as possible the MPEG standard Compact Descriptors for Visual Search. For processing load optimization, similarly to the retrieval procedure defined by MPEG, we have introduced also in the position estimation step a preliminary statistical geometric check for coarse rejection of wrong matches (where a match represents two views in the respective images of the same point). We present the position and orientation accuracy results of the location methodology, for indoor and outdoor environment, that reaches respectively few decimeters and tenth of radians of precision.
Published in: Proceedings of the 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2014)
September 8 - 12, 2014
Tampa Convention Center
Tampa, Florida
Pages: 2078 - 2088
Cite this article: Ghinamo, Giorgio, Corbi, Cecilia, Francini, Gianluca, Lepsoy, Skjalg, Lovisolo, Piero, Lingua, Andrea, Aicardi, Irene, "The MPEG7 Visual Search Solution for Image Recognition Based Positioning Using 3D Models," Proceedings of the 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2014), Tampa, Florida, September 2014, pp. 2078-2088.
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