UWB/GNSS-Based Cooperative Positioning Method for V2X Applications

Yang Gao, Xiaolin Meng, Craig M. Hancock, Scott Stephenson, Qiuzhao Zhang

Abstract: Limited availability of GNSS signals in urban canyons is a challenge for the implementation of many positioning-based traffic safety applications, and V2X technology provides an alternative solution to resolve this problem. As a key communication component in V2X technology, Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) not only allows vehicles to exchange their position, but also traffic safety related information such as real-time congestion, up-to-date accident details, speed limits, etc. This position and traffic information could underpin various traffic safety applications - for instance, lane departure warnings, potential collision avoidance, and traffic congestion warnings. By taking advantage of DSRC, a vehicle in a GNSS denied environment is able to calculate its position using the assistance of other vehicles with sufficient GNSS signals to fix their locations. The concept of cooperative positioning, which is also called collaborative positioning, has been proposed to achieve this goal. To resolve the locations of a vehicle that is driving in the GNSS denied area, a cooperative positioning solution using integrated Ultra Wideband (UWB) and GNSS is presented in this paper. The methodology of the cooperative positioning solution and proof of concept tests are described. Firstly, the capability of UWB range measurement is tested, followed by the comprehensive assessment of the performance of proposed solution. The results show that by utilising UWB range measurements, better than decimetre accuracy can be achieved even in a kinematic scenario, and that the proposed solution can provide decimetre level 2D location accuracy that satisfies the requirement of traffic safety applications.
Published in: Proceedings of the 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2014)
September 8 - 12, 2014
Tampa Convention Center
Tampa, Florida
Pages: 3212 - 3221
Cite this article: Gao, Yang, Meng, Xiaolin, Hancock, Craig M., Stephenson, Scott, Zhang, Qiuzhao, "UWB/GNSS-Based Cooperative Positioning Method for V2X Applications," Proceedings of the 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2014), Tampa, Florida, September 2014, pp. 3212-3221.
Full Paper: ION Members/Non-Members: 1 Download Credit
Sign In