Assessment of Using Doppler Shift of LEO Satellite to Aid GPS Positioning

W-H. Hsu and S-S. Jan

Abstract: Global Positioning System (GPS) signals adopt spreading spectrum technology, which could effectively reduce the consumption of signal transmitting power. Nevertheless, the GPS signals may be blocked unexpectedly in complicated environments. In this case, the stronger signals transmitted from Low-Earth-Orbital (LEO) communication satellite systems could be considered to aid in GPS service provision. However, the dynamic of an LEO satellite is relatively high, which causes difficulties with its integration into the general GPS receiver design. Doppler positioning algorithms can benefit from this high dynamic characteristic. In this paper, considering Doppler shifts as measurements, a Doppler Positioning algorithm is introduced. Since no navigation message can be decoded from the signals, satellite orbit prediction using the two-line orbital element set (TLE) will be involved. One commercial LEO communication satellite system is selected as well as the configurable frontend Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP) for the LEO signal collection and processing. A static experiment in an open field is conducted in this research. The experimental results for the open field test indicate that the positioning performance might not gain improvement from the use of an LEO signal because of orbit prediction errors or the quality of its measurement is not as good as that of GPS; but the important thing is that the LEO signal can extend positioning service in situations where the number of GPS satellites in-view are less than four due to signal obstructions. This paper presents the results of the enhanced navigation service provided by GPS with the aid of the LEO satellite.
Published in: Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2014
May 5 - 8, 2014
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 1155 - 1161
Cite this article: Hsu, W-H., Jan, S-S., "Assessment of Using Doppler Shift of LEO Satellite to Aid GPS Positioning," Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2014, Monterey, CA, May 2014, pp. 1155-1161.
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