Low-end MEMS IMU Can Contribute in GPS/INS Deep Integration

Y. Ban, X. Niu, T. Zhang, Q. Zhang, W. Guo, H. Zhang

Abstract: In a deeply-coupled GPS/INS integrated system, the use of the inertial aiding information can improve the tracking loop performance and make the system more robust. To meet this requirement, the inertial aiding information should have sufficient accuracy in short-term (such as the sampling interval of GPS, e.g. 1sec). The MEMS (Micro-Electro Mechanical System) IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) can be a promising candidate due to its small size and low cost. There should be no doubt that MEMS INS (Inertial Navigation System) can aid the GPS receiver tracking loop by eliminating the dominant part of the motion dynamic stress, considering that the INS errors induced by the receiver motion dynamics is much less than the motion dynamic itself, when the receiver manoeuvres. So the only concern the side effect caused by MEMS INS, which determine whether MEMS IMU is qualified for deep integration, is its navigation error independent with the motion dynamics (i.e. manoeuvre-independent error). This paper assesses this side effect of MEMS INS in terms of providing Doppler aiding data in to the GPS carrier tracking loop through a thorough error propagation analysis. The Laplace transform analysis is applied to the simplified INS error dynamic equations under stationary condition and find out the transfer relation between the error sources and the velocity estimation errors. Then the velocity error is converted to Doppler aiding error and substitute into the GPS tracking loop to analyze the corresponding carrier phase error. Results show that the largest velocity error caused by maneuver-independent errors is less than 0.1m/s during the typical GPS update interval (e.g. 1 sec), which meets the real road test results. The consequent carrier phase tracking error caused by the maneuver-independent error of MEMS INS is below 1.2 degree, which is much less than receiver inherent errors (e.g. the oscillator error and thermal noise). Conclusion can be reached that even the low-end MEMS IMUs have the ability of aiding the GPS receiver signal tracking although it induces some additional errors.
Published in: Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2014
May 5 - 8, 2014
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Monterey, CA
Pages: 746 - 752
Cite this article: Ban, Y., Niu, X., Zhang, T., Zhang, Q., Guo, W., Zhang, H., "Low-end MEMS IMU Can Contribute in GPS/INS Deep Integration," Proceedings of IEEE/ION PLANS 2014, Monterey, CA, May 2014, pp. 746-752.
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