Title: Attitude Determination with low-cost GPS/ INS
Author(s): P. Henkel, C. Günther
Published in: Proceedings of the 26th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2013)
September 16 - 20, 2013
Nashville Convention Center, Nashville, Tennessee
Nashville, TN
Pages: 2015 - 2023
Cite this article: Henkel, P., Günther, C., "Attitude Determination with low-cost GPS/ INS," Proceedings of the 26th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2013), Nashville, TN, September 2013, pp. 2015-2023.
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Abstract: Low-cost GNSS receivers with patch antennas track the carrier phases of the GNSS signals with millimeter- to centimeter-level accuracy. However, code multipath of several tens of metres, frequent half cycle slips, and receiver clock offsets in the order of milliseconds make reliable kinematic integer ambiguity resolution still challenging. Low-cost inertial sensors are robust against GNSS signal shadowing and benefit from a higher measurement rate but show large integration drifts due to biases in the gyroscope and acceleration measurements and, require an initialization with another sensor. In this paper, we couple the information of both sensors for attitude determination and propose a search algorithm for cycle slip detection and correction. The search algorithm uses double difference carrier phase, acceleration and gyroscope measurements, and also considers a priori information on the baseline length. The cycle slip corrections are determined such that the optimum trade-off between minimizing the squared measurement residuals and minimizing the squared baseline length residuals is found. We tested the method during various car drives. Measurement results show that the method reliably corrects all cycle slips in environments with both high multipath and high receiver dynamics, and enables a heading determination with an accuracy of 0.5°/ baseline length [m].