Instantaneous Sub-meter Level Precise Point Positioning of Low-Cost Smartphones

Jiale Wang, Fu Zheng, Yong Hu, Dong Zhang, and Chuang Shi

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The prevalence of inexpensive global navigation satellite system (GNSS) chips that facilitate the performance of carrier phase measurements has provided hardware that can be used as the foundation for implementing precise point positioning (PPP) of low-cost smartphones. However, because of the atmospheric delays and high measurement noise associated with low-quality patch antennae, the convergence time of smartphone PPP can increase from minutes to even hours. By establishing the Satellite-based Ionospheric Model (SIM) and Real-time Tropospheric Grid Point (RTGP) models, we aim to achieve instantaneous sub-meter level positioning for smartphone PPP. In both kinematic and static experiments, Xiaomi Mi8 and Huawei P40 smartphone signals can converge to sub-meter accuracy in the horizontal direction within one to six seconds when adopting multi-constellation and dual-frequency PPP solutions augmented by precise atmospheric corrections. The atmospheric augmentation PPP method effectively improves the convergence speed and positioning accuracy compared to what can be achieved using the conventional PPP algorithm, thereby satisfying smartphone users’ demand for rapid and high-accuracy positioning.
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