SBAS Protection Levels with Gauss-Markov K-Factors for Any Integrity Target

Julie Antic, Odile Maliet, and S├ębastien Trilles

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: According to aviation minimum operational performance standards (MOPS), protection levels for satellite-based augmentation systems (SBASs) are to be computed as the product of the estimated standard deviation of errors and a scaling, or K-factor. MOPS recognized that K-factors were originally chosen to be consistent with certain assumptions that may not hold under all conditions. Considering the limited applicability of aviation-based K-factors, it will be important to identify a more rigorous method for deriving new SBAS applications for road, rail, or maritime use. Here we describe an innovative method applicable to any integrity risk (e.g., at 10-7 for aviation or 10-5 for maritime applications) and time interval T (e.g., 150 seconds to 1 hour for aviation or 3 hours for maritime use). This new method relies on rigorous probability justification. No restrictive assumptions are needed for the time correlation pattern of the errors. The method is easy-to-implement and applicable to any type of integrity risk or time interval T.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 70, Number 3
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