Optimized Position Estimation in Mobile Multipath Environments Using Machine Learning

Nesreen I. Ziedan

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The positioning accuracy of global navigation satellite system receivers is frequently degraded in urban areas due to reflected signals. A moving receiver faces additional challenges because it needs to adjust to changes in the statuses of the signals received, including line-of-sight (LOS), multipath, non-LOS, or invisible. This paper proposes two new algorithms that can be used to enhance the accuracy of a moving receiver. The first algorithm is called Optimized Position Estimation (OPE). The OPE algorithm estimates the most likely paths and identifies the one with the optimal weight. The second algorithm is called Intelligent Signal Status Estimation (ISE). The ISE algorithm utilizes a self-organizing map machine-learning algorithm to estimate the probability of a change in signal status. The algorithms are tested using global positioning system C/A signals, which have over 50 changes in their statuses. The results obtained using these algorithms reveal that the accuracy is enhanced by as much as 96.3% (i.e., a 27-fold improvement) when compared to results using a conventional navigation algorithm.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 70, Number 2
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