Detection of GPS C/A Code Self-Interference: Monitor Overview and Applicability

Jessica Belzer and Frank van Graas

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Self-interference can cause large errors of up to tens of meters on the GPS C/A code pseudorange measurement. Although the probability of an occurrence of large self-interference errors is small, to enable the use of C/A code phase measurements in high accuracy or safety-of-life applications, a detection or mitigation method is needed. A stressful case of self-interference is modeled on a GPS hardware simulator to investigate monitor performance using real signal results. A summary of contributions in this paper follows. Self-interference pseudorange error characteristics within and mitigation requirements for the Ground Based Augmentation System (GBAS) Approach Service Type D (GAST-D) environment are identified. Existing monitors are evaluated for their response to self-interference and their ability to detect the error based on the GAST-D environment. This includes the potential for misidentification of the error. A novel Frequency Domain Cross-Correlation (FDCC) detector is proposed that can uniquely identify self-interference error with no siting constraints.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 70, Number 1
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