Signal Quality Monitoring Based on Chip Domain Observables: Theory, Design, and Implementation

Xiang Wang, Xiaowei Cui, Gang Liu, Kefan Wei, and Mingquan Lu

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Signal quality monitoring (SQM) is a technique utilized by satellite- and ground-based augmentation systems (SBAS/GBAS) to detect potential hazardous deformations in signals and better protect integrity for safety-critical users. The next generation of SBASs will incorporate dual-frequency multi-constellation (DFMC) techniques, for which SQM is particularly important since signal deformations might be the largest source of uncertainty in ranging error after first-order ionospheric delays are eliminated. However, the performance bounds of the traditional multi-correlator-based SQM technique face some challenges because of the raised requirement on detection sensitivity by dual-frequency ionosphere-free measurements and multiple modulation modes of civilian signals from multi-constellation techniques. To mitigate the challenges and improve overall performance, SQM based on chip domain observables (CDOs) is emerging, but has not yet been systematically studied. We propose a design methodology for CDO-based SQM, consisting of derivations and corresponding massive simulations. Correctness and effectiveness are assessed to confirm the methodology, and a simplification process by checking the sensitivity of CDOs is demonstrated in terms of implementation.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 69, Number 4
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