Real-Time Precise GPS Orbit and Clock Estimation With a Quasi-Orbit-Fixed Solar Radiation Pressure Model

Peizhao Liu and Junping Chen

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Real-time precise global navigation satellite system (GNSS) orbit and clock products play a key role for real-time GNSS-based applications, both in the scientific and industrial communities. Different from the typical two-step procedure to generate orbit and clock solutions separately, we estimate the real-time orbit and clock products simultaneously using a Kalman filter. For this purpose, we developed a GNSS data processing software that can run in pseudo-real-time mode with RINEX files and is ready to run in real-time mode once given the real-time observation stream. Meanwhile, a quasi-orbit-fixed solar radiation pressure (SRP) model is developed. In order to verify the performance of the software and the new SRP model, several experiments with a global network of 60 tracking stations over a time span of three months were conducted to generate real-time Global Positioning System (GPS) orbit and clock products. Then, the results were assessed in terms of accuracy and efficiency, both critical for real-time precise GNSS applications. Compared to the International GNSS Service (IGS) final orbits, the real-time GPS orbit accuracy was 2.82 cm, 5.45 cm, and 5.47 cm in the radial, along-track, and cross-track components, respectively. The precision of the clock product in terms of standard deviation (STD) value was about 0.1 ns. Moreover, the average execution time per epoch was usually less than 1.0 s, which ensures the high efficiency of the processing.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 69, Number 4
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