The Role of Antennas on GNSS Pseudorange and Multipath Errors and Their Impact on DFMC Multipath Models for Avionics

Stefano Caizzone, Mihaela-Simona Circiu, Wahid Elmarissi, Christoph Enneking, Markus Rippl, and Matteo Sgammini

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Current satellite navigation systems are providing more and more dual-frequency capabilities, enabling improved navigation accuracy and a reduction of residual errors (e.g., from ionosphere). Recently, the aviation community has started an effort to achieve new standardized Minimum Operational Performance Specifications (MOPS) for GNSS equipment in order to allow for the use of dual-frequency multi-constellation (DFMC) systems in the future, with clear benefits in terms of obtainable navigation performance. In such conditions, residual errors introduced by the user GNSS antenna become even more relevant and need to be properly identified and bounded, both in antenna specifications and in the models for aircraft multipath. The present work investigates this problem and shows the results of an activity aiming at new airborne multipath models for L1/E1 and L5/E5a frequency bands and for their ionospheric-free combination. The paper outlines a detailed investigation of the physical rationale of such errors.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 69, Number 3
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