High-Accuracy Static Baseline Estimation using NavIC L5 Observables

A. Althaf and H.B. Hablani

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The estimation of static baselines using NavIC L5 double-differenced (DD) pseudoranges and carrier phases is investigated. We estimate the baseline with increasing accuracy by using the DD pseudoranges, smoothing the DD pseudoranges with the DD carrier phases, fixing the ambiguities in DD carrier phases, and imposing height-constraints on ambiguity and baseline estimates. Using the DD pseudoranges in estimating a 6-m baseline, the 3D root-mean-square error (RMSE) is 1.71 m. By incorporating the DD carrier-phase measurements and fixing its ambiguities, we achieved a 3D steady-state accuracy of 3 cm and convergence time of 23 minutes for a 350-m baseline in the secondary service area of NavIC. Further performance gains were achieved using a height-constrained solution in which 3D steady-state accuracy and convergence time was improved to 1 cm and 8 minutes, respectively.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 69, Number 2
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