A Flexible GNSS Spoofer Localization System: Spoofing Discrimination and Localization Method

Jian Wen, Hong Li, and Mingquan Lu

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) are vulnerable to spoofing attacks. To shut down a spoofer, it is necessary to locate the spoofer first. Many spoofer localization systems use long cables for the synchronization of multiple receivers. However, a flexible spoofer localization system free from cables is sometimes essential so the receivers can move freely and are flexible to deploy. This paper solves two major problems in developing such a system: spoofing discrimination without requiring synchronization and having an effective method using asynchronous raw measurements with no other assistance. First, this paper proposes to use the extended pseudorange double-difference method to discriminate spoofing signals. The performance is then analyzed and the effectiveness is verified. Then, a quasi-synchronization spoofer localization method (QSSL) is proposed, and it is verified that its localization performance can attain the Cramer-Rao lower bound. Above all, a field experiment demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed methods and the feasibility of such system.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 69, Number 1
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