|Applications of precise point positioning (PPP) are limited by PPP’s long convergence time. One effective way to shorten the convergence time is to apply ionospheric constraints because of the external ionospheric information. The conventional way to do this is to apply high precision but biased ionospheric corrections. The limitations of the method are that all ionospheric constraints must be derived from the same set of reference stations to have the same data. An approach based on single differences between satellite ionospheric constraints (SDBS-IONO) is developed to address the data issue due to having no common satellite visibility. The proposed method is more flexible and scalable in terms of adding ionospheric constraints. Based on a network of about 130 stations, we validated the proposed SDBS-ION method and compared it to the conventional method. Our results confirm that the ionospheric constraints enhance the PPP convergence time significantly depending on the accuracy of ionospheric constraints. Finally, we discuss crucial factors regarding how long and accurate the effectiveness of ionospheric constraints are in reducing PPP convergence time.
|NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 69, Number 1
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