A multi-frequency method to improve the long-term estimation of GNSS clock corrections and phase biases

A. Rovira-Garcia, J. M. Juan, J. Sanz, G. González-Casado, J. Ventura-Traveset, L. Cacciapuoti, and E. Schoenemann

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The space segment of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is equipped with highly stable atomic clocks. In order to use these clocks as references, their time offsets must be estimated from ground measurements as accurately as possible. This work presents a multi-frequency and multi-constellation method for estimating satellite and receiver clock corrections, starting from unambiguous, uncombined, and undifferenced carrier-phase measurements. A byproduct of the estimation process is phase biases (i.e., the hardware delays of the carrier-phase measurements occurring at receivers and satellites). The stability and predictability of our clock estimates for receivers and satellites (GPS and Galileo) are compared with those obtained by the International GNSS Service (IGS), whereas the phase biases are assessed against two independent determinations involving combinations of carrier-phase measurements. We conclude that the method reduces day boundary discontinuities in the clock corrections, and that the estimated phase biases reproduce variabilities already observed by other authors.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 68, Number 4
Pages: 815 - 828
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