Advanced and versatile signal conditioning for GNSS receivers using the high-rate DFT-based data manipulator (HDDM)

Johannes Rossouw van der Merwe, Fabio Garzia, Alexander RĂ¼gamer, and Wolfgang Felber

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Proper signal conditioning is crucial for reliable Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) navigation. Signal conditioning includes correcting receiver front-end distortions, shaping noise, removing interferences, and altering the received signal. The high-rate DFT-based data manipulator (HDDM) is a versatile signal processing architecture based on the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). In this article, the HDDM is theoretically modeled, analyzed, and evaluated. Some applications are presented, including interference mitigation, spectrum reconstruction, overlay signal design, altering signal modulations, and signal equalization. Additionally, the complexity of one concrete hardware implementation is investigated. The HDDM has shown excellent results with interference mitigation, and it can simultaneously achieve other signal conditioning tasks. Processing several tasks with the same nested architecture provides a significant processing benefit compared to discrete processing architectures. It emphasizes the benefits of a single architecture to simultaneously address several signal condition tasks, as opposed to separate structures requiring significantly more processing or poorer synergy.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 68, Number 4
Pages: 779 - 797
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