Navigation using carrier Doppler shift from a LEO constellation: TRANSIT on steroids

Mark L. Psiaki

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: A new global navigation concept is studied that relies on carrier Doppler shift measurements from a large LEO constellation. This system could provide an alternative to pseudorange-based GNSS. The concept uses a high-fidelity model of received carrier Doppler shift. This model is used in a point-solution batch filter that simultaneously estimates eight unknowns: the three position vector components, receiver clock offset, three velocity vector components, and receiver clock offset rate. The filter uses eight or more measured Doppler shifts in its least-squares fit. A generalized Geometric Dilution of Precision (GDOP) analysis indicates that absolute position accuracies on the order of 1-5 meters and absolute velocity accuracies on the order of 0.01 m/sec to 0.05 m/sec may be achievable if the range-rate precision of the Doppler shift measurements is 0.01 m/sec. These accuracies are comparable to current pseudorange-based GNSS. Clock offset accuracy is on the order of 0.0001 to 0.0010 sec 1-sigma.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 68, Number 3
Pages: 621 - 641
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