Case study of Bayesian RAIM algorithm integrated with Spatial Feature Constraint and Fault Detection and Exclusion algorithms for multi-sensor positioning

Jelena Gabela, Allison Kealy, Mark Hedley, Bill Moran

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: This study proposes three novel integrity monitoring algorithms based on Bayesian Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (BRAIM). Two problems of integrity monitoring for land-based applications for GNSS challenging environments are explored: requirements for sufficient measurement redundancy and the presence of large biases. The need for measurement redundancy was mitigated by using BRAIM. This enabled the employment of a Fault Detection and Exclusion (FDE) algorithm without the required minimum availability of six measurements. To increase the estimated integrity, a Spatial Feature Constraint (SFC) algorithm was implemented to constrain solutions to feasible locations within a road feature. The performance of the proposed FDE+BRAIM, SFC+BRAIM and FDE+SFC+BRAIM algorithms was evaluated for GPS and multi-sensor data. For the non-Gaussian measurement error distribution and under the test conditions, the best achieved probability of misleading information was of the order of magnitude 10-8 for road-level requirements. The results provide an initial proof-of-concept for non-Gaussian non-linear multi-sensor integrity monitoring algorithms.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 68, Number 2
Pages: 333 - 351
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