Improving the calibration process of inertial measurement unit for marine applications

Hossein Rahimi, Amir Ali Nikkhah

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Marine navigation systems have very accurate sensors, such as 0.01deg/hr gyro drift stability and 0.1mg/year accelerometer bias stability. Common calibration methods and equipment do not meet the accuracy required. In this paper, a systematic method for calibration of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) for marine applications is proposed which is not based on the accuracy of the calibration turn table and only requires one specific plate to determine the initial attitude of the IMU and functions independently of the turn table. The first contribution of this paper is to derive a model for systematic calibration of IMU that expresses the rotation matrix error and velocity as a linear function of the calibration parameters at any time. As the second contribution, this paper proposes a calibration algorithm with only using an initial, specific plate. Using the actual data, it was found that the proposed algorithm provides a good estimation of the parameters.
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Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 67, Number 4
Pages: 763 - 774
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