Mesh topology based clock synchronization technique for pseudolite systems

Tengfei Wang, Zheng Yao, Mingquan Lu

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Clock synchronization is critical for synchronous pseudolite systems. Wireless synchronization methods are desirable for their flexibility in system deployment, and most of them build a tree topology of time information flow based on master-slave synchronization between pseudolites. A slave pseudolite can receive signals broadcast by multiple pseudolites; however, existing methods usually utilize one signal and ignore others in which the time information could improve synchronization precision and reliability. We present a mesh topology based clock synchronization (MTCS) technique by utilizing all received signals. MTCS builds a mesh topology of time information flow, which can keep synchronization in case of link interruption or pseudolite failure. The coupling relationship of slave clocks is derived, and the influence of measurement biases is analyzed. As shown by both analysis and simulations, MTCS has better clock synchronization precision. When link interruption or pseudolite failures occur, MTCS is more robust than tree topology based methods.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 67, Number 3
Pages: 619 - 632
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https://doi.org/10.1002/navi.383
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