Survey on signal processing for GNSS under ionospheric scintillation: Detection, monitoring, and mitigation

Jordi VilĂ -Valls, Nicola Linty, Pau Closas, Fabio Dovis, James T. Curran

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Ionospheric scintillation is the physical phenomena affecting radio waves coming from the space through the ionosphere. Such disturbance is caused by ionospheric electron-density irregularities and is a major threat in Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). From a signal-processing perspective, scintillation is one of the most challenging propagation scenarios, particularly affecting high-precision GNSS receivers and safety critical applications where accuracy, availability, continuity, and integrity are mandatory. Under scintillation, GNSS signals are affected by amplitude and phase variations, which mainly compromise the synchronization stage of the receiver. To counteract these effects, one must resort to advanced signal-processing techniques such as adaptive/robust methods, machine learning, or parameter estimation. This contribution reviews the signal processing landscape in GNSS receivers, with emphasis on different detection, monitoring, and mitigation problems. New results using real data are provided to support the discussion. To conclude, future perspectives of interest to the GNSS community are discussed.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 67, Number 3
Pages: 511 - 536
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