A two-parameter multifrequency GPS signal simulator for strong equatorial ionospheric scintillation: modeling and parameter characterization

Dongyang Xu, Y.T. Jade Morton, Charles L. Rino, Charles S. Carrano, Yu Jiao

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: This paper presents a physics-based, multifrequency, strong scintillation simulator that requires only two input parameters: the S4 index and decorrelation time t0. This simulator is developed based on the two-component power-law phase screen model, which is specified by five parameters and suitable for representation of strong equatorial scintillation. By setting three of the model parameters to representative values, numerical mappings from the user input parameter set (S4 and t0) to the remaining model parameter subset of two parameters can be established through numerical evaluation. The numerical mappings are then used to drive the scintillation model to generate time series of scintillation amplitude and phase. A large group of strong scintillation data (with S4 > 0.6) from two equatorial sites are processed to obtain the representative values of the three model default parameters and to validate the numerical parameter mappings. A MATLAB implementation of the scintillation simulator has been made available.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 67, Number 1
Pages: 181 - 195
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https://doi.org/10.1002/navi.350
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